Cannes - 2002
"What are your favorite films shown in the Cannes Competition?" Nothing quite yanked the chain of my European critic friends at the 2002 Festival like my stars-and-stripes, xenophobic, post-Sept.11 answer: "The American movies rock!" It was true, Eurodudes. Our USA went three for three where it counted: up the red carpet at the Palais in the Official Competition. Alexander Payne (Citizen Ruth, Election) triumphed with his third straight clever, acerbic comedy, the Jack Nicholson-starring About Schmidt, and Paul Thomas Anderson (Boogie Nights, Magnolia) used Adam Sandler brilliantly in his loopy farce, Punch-Drunk Love. Michael Moore's Bowling for Columbine, the first documentary selected for Competition since Louis Malle's Le Monde du Silence in the 1950s, was, les mains-down, the most popular film among Cannes' first-nighters. The gown-and-tuxedo gathered rewarded Moore's agit-prop movie essay about the violence-soaked USA with a ten-minute standing ovation.
More? Cambridge's own Frederick Wiseman, in a Bogie-in-Casablanca white jacket, was much applauded for his out-of-Competition La Derniere Lettre, a one-actress (La Comedie Francaise's Catherine Samie)dramatic recitation of a poignant epistle written by a Russian-Jewish woman doctor before her fatal deportation by the Nazis. And Martin Scorsese unveiled a twenty-minute "extended preview" of his mid-19th century-set Gangs of New York, and this time it was the international press which cheered. "In 1970, I first picked up a book, The Gangs of New York by Herbert Asbury," Scorsese said, introducing his sneak preview. "I read it in one day and knew that sometime I'd have to make a movie about this extraordinary time in American life. It's been in my heart and mind since growing up. These stories permeated the hallways of my street." The bloody confrontations over pre-Tammany Hall turf between immigrant mobsters are filmed by Scorsese in spectacular epic fashion, an operatic amalgam of Eisenstein, Leone, and Visconti. Most impressive of the leads is Daniel Day Lewis, as a top-hatted, blustering thug,"The Butcher," who fights young, moody Leonardo DiCaprio (a flagrantly Oedipal battle) for bed rights to the gypsy-like, hussy-with-a-heart, (miscast in a period film?) Cameron Diaz.
Finally, Woody Allen left his beloved New York for an Opening Night screening (out of Competition) of Hollywood Ending, which had already played theatres back home to tepid reviews and terrible box office. The French weren't crazy about the movie either, but Allen tamed skeptics with his calculatedly diplomatic words at a press conference. "The French people have been so supportive of my films and so affectionate to me, that I thought I'd show some gesture of repricocity and gratitude," Allen explained of his unexpected live appearance on the Cote d'Azure. "When I made Hollywood Ending, I looked at it and thought that the Cannes audience would get a particular enjoyment out of it."
As he was already there schmoozing, Allen reached out also to placate film critics: "They've been very generous to me. They've chosen to overlook my faults and emphasize what I do well. I have a very, very positive view of them."
Merci, Woody! But back to the Cannes films that count: For About Schmidt, filmmaker Payne took the story of Louis Begley's 1996 novel about a vaguely anti-Semitic, newly retired, New York WASP lawyer, perturbed that his daughter is marrying a declasse Jew in his firm-and deftly switched the tale to his home town, Omaha, Nebraska. Now Schmidt (Nicholson) is a retiring insurance executive, whose lifetime of WASP politeness boils over with his realization that he loathes his wife, hates his dreary life, and he fumes that the fiance (Dermot Mulroney)of his daughter (Hope Davis) is a total dimwit. If the filmic inspiration for Election was the screwy comedy of Preston Sturges, Payne (and his co-screenwriter, Jim Taylor) this time weld world classics (Kurosawa's Ikiru, Bergman's Wild Strawberries) onto a wryly amusing midwest road movie. Schmidt, newly a widower, tools through Nebraska, Kansas, and Colorado in his 30-foot Winnebago seeking the Meaning of Life.
"They write a strong script and Alexander is a firm director," Nicholson said, happy to be working with a younger-generation cineaste with a proper respect for the history of film. "Alexander is a throwback. He's going to Il Posto because I love that movie." Surely enough, Payne and Taylor showed up for a revival screening of Ermanno Olmi's 1961 Italian masterwork, and stayed to the end even though the film had no American subtitles. Impressively, Payne ignored an unwritten rule for film festivals, that directors should be totally solipsistic, concentrating every moment on promoting their own work. Instead, Payne came early to Cannes, and stayed on, to watch others' movies.
And Punch-Drunk Love? You'd have to go way back to Jerry Lewis's romance with Shirley MacLaine in Artists and Models (1955) to find an equivalent for Paul Thomas Anderson's inspired pairing of low comedian Adam Sandler and artsy thespian Emily Watson. Sandler is cast as a lonely loner who flees a gaggle of phone-sex thugs and his San Fernando Valley family of interfering sisters to race off to Hawaii with Watson. Sandler is as funny as in his zany comedies but also deeper and sweeter, and Watson's blue eyes mist over. Anderson, doing without the excesses of Magnolia, tells his screwball tale in 92 streamlined minutes, and it plays like a minimalist cartoon. Note the face-to-face showdown of Sandler and arch-villain, Phillip Seymour Hoffman. It feels like Bugs vs. a sputtering Yosemite Sam.
"Why would you cast Adam Sandler in your movie?" an obvious anti-Happy Gilmore type of journalist asked Anderson. "Adam makes me laugh," was the filmmaker's reply. "I loved him on Saturday Night Live, I love his movies, love watching him. His walk is kind of funny, his ears are kind of funny. I haven't seen Adam naked, that might be funny."
"He's a good man," Sandler said of Anderson. "I saw his movies, admired them. [Punch-Drunk Love] is the first time I kissed a girl in a movie and my girfriend didn't get mad at me. She watched it and said, 'Wow.'"
About Schmidt and Punch-Drunk Love, works of integrity, show some unfortunate Hollywood shading in their final seconds. I wish that Jack Nicholson nodded knowingly (Ozu-like) instead of bawling at Alexander Payne's conclusion, and boy-gets-girl too cutely and smoothly in Anderson's finale. But I was more bothered by shaky elements in Michael Moore's Bowling for Columbine, though I'm thrilled that this radical film should be immensely popular and politically important when it plays theatrically in America.
What does Moore do? In broad strokes, he compares Canada, our gentle, caring, pacifist, happy welfare state to the North, with our own venal, individualistic, blame-the-victim, shoot-before-you-are-shot USA, with the killings at Columbine High being a kind of metaphor for America today. Himself a rifle champ and a member of the NRA, Moore goes after right-wing NRA President Charlton Heston, even tracking the stooped actor to his lavish Beverly Hills home and attacking old Moses on camera. Good stuff, except the documentary is shot through with questionable factoids. Is it true, as Moore insinuates, that practically all murders in the USA are committed by stupid white guys in the suburbs? Is it true, as Moore shows on camera, that people in Toronto, Canada, don't even lock their doors? For the latter, I took a quick survey of five Torontonians at Cannes. To the man, they bolted their portals back home in Ontario. (Is that because they are paranoid film critics?) Oh, the Cannes jury awards? Of the above discussed, Paul Thomas Anderson shared the Best Director prize, and Bowling for Columbine won a Special Jury Prize. (Translation: those on the jury bickered over whether it was a muckraking masterpiece or tabloid muck.) Jack Nicholson, somewhat surprisingly, was shut out as Best Actor for About Schmidt. Wait for the 2003 Academy Awards. The Cannes' Palme D'Or for Best Picture went to Roman Polanski's The Pianist, perhaps the fifteenth most interesting film in this year's excellent Competition. There's nothing wrong with Polanski's true-life tale of a famous Jewish-Polish pianist who miraculously survived the Nazis, including an escape from the Warsaw ghetto. But the telling of this story is strangely detached and dispassionate, especially when you realize that Polanski himself was a Jewish survivor whose mother died in the camps. Does it sound cruel for me to say (and I'm a Holocaust-obsessed Jew) that we've seen this before, and that The Pianist plays like a slick, competent, post-Schindler's List, TV movie?
How did it win? My guess is that the jury split 6-3, picking the Polanski over the Grand Prix official runnerup, Aki Kaurismaki's deadpan Finnish comedy, The Man Without a Name, probably the favorite (though not mine) among film critics at Cannes. That would mean jury president David Lynch and the jury's two serious directors, Raoul Ruiz and Claude Miller, voted for the Karousmaki. But they were ganged up on by a coalition of actresses (Sharon Stone, Christine Hakim, Michelle Yeoh) and middlebrow filmmakers (Walter Salles, Bille August, Regis Wargnier), who fell for the big-themed The Pianist.
My Grand Prix? Either of the American features would do, or Michael Winterbottom's 24 Hour Party, which gloriously celebrates the Manchester rock-and-rave scene and opens this summer in the USA.